Seasonal Allergies



Seasonal allergies, also known as allergic rhinitis or “hay fever” is a constellation of symptoms including sneezing or stuffy/runny nose that occurs when exposed to substances such as pollen or mold spores which the body recognizes as harmful invaders. When inhaled, these substances cause an immune response leading to inflammation, mucus production, and cold-like symptoms.

 
  • Overview
  • Action Plan
  • Ask The Doctor
  • Related Info
  • Success Stories

Overview


Seasonal allergies impair the day-to-day activities and quality of life of many people in the U.S.: about 7.5% of adults and 9% of children.1 Hay fever that occurs seasonally is usually due to pollen from grasses, weeds, and trees, as well as spores from fungi and molds. Perennial allergies that occur year round are usually due to animal dander, dust mites, cockroaches, fungi or mold.

Symptoms of seasonal allergies include:

  • watery, itchy eyes
  • runny nose or congestion
  • sneezing
  • post nasal drip
  • sore, itchy throat and ears
  • poor-quality sleep
  • fatigue

Symptoms can occur at any age, although generally start in childhood or young adulthood.

Whether someone develops seasonal allergies or other allergic conditions depends on a combination of genetic and environmental factors. A family history of allergies is the strongest risk factor. The hygiene hypothesis describes how decreased exposure to viruses and bacteria early in life may increase susceptibility to allergic conditions. Exposure to cigarette smoke during early childhood and childhood acetaminophen use are linked to greater risk of allergies.2 The relatively low intake of omega-3 fatty acids in developed countries is also a potential reason for increasing allergy prevalence. In contrast, breastfeeding and a healthful early childhood diet are protective factors. Intake of fruits, vegetables, seeds, and nuts in children has been associated with reduced asthma and allergy symptoms.3 Getting adequate vitamin D during pregnancy may also be protective against the development of allergies in children.4

 
References
  1. Blackwell DL, Lucas JW, Clarke TC. Summary health statistics for u.s. Adults: national health interview survey, 2012. Vital Health Stat 10 2014:1-171.
  2. Vlaski E, Stavric K, Isjanovska R, et al. Acetaminophen intake and risk of asthma, hay fever and eczema in early adolescence. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2007, 6:143-149.
  3. Chatzi L, Apostolaki G, Bibakis I, et al. Protective effect of fruits, vegetables and the Mediterranean diet on asthma and allergies among children in Crete. Thorax 2007, 62:677-683.
  4. Erkkola M, Kaila M, Nwaru BI, et al. Maternal vitamin D intake during pregnancy is inversely associated with asthma and allergic rhinitis in 5-year-old children. Clin Exp Allergy 2009, 39:875-882.

Action Plan


Diet

  • A Nutritarian diet provides a plethora of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that protect against allergies. Foods that are high in flavonoids and carotenes, such as berries and dark green vegetables, can help improve or relieve symptoms.
  • Regularly eating foods that are higher in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), such as ground flax seed, chia seeds, and walnuts, can help reduce the inflammation associated with allergic disease.
  • Dairy avoidance has improved allergic symptoms significantly.
  • Probiotics may be useful in reducing allergy symptoms.1
  • Ensure adequate supplementation with vitamin D with an optimal level between 30-40 ng/mL.

Immunotherapy

I have observed patients improve and even resolve seasonal allergies between one and two years on a Nutritarian diet. Immunotherapy by an allergist can be considered for more troubling symptoms especially in patients who have not had significant improvements with dietary intervention after one year of treatment.

Preventive measures

  • Rinsing the nose with nasal saline to remove any pollen can reduce symptoms. A Neti-pot can be useful for this purpose.
  • Shower before bedtime to remove any pollen from hair or skin.
 
References
  1. Toh ZQ, Anzela A, Tang ML, Licciardi PV. Probiotic therapy as a novel approach for allergic disease. Front Pharmacol 2012, 3:171.

Ask The Doctor


The following are sample questions from the Ask the Doctor Community Platinum and higher members can post their health questions directly to Dr. Fuhrman. (All members can browse questions and answers.)

Q.

My son is prone to seasonal allergies. He is currently taking a Claritin daily which doesn’t seem to be doing the trick, as he is still congested with itchy eyes. In addition to your recommended Nutritarian diet, do you recommend any specific supplements? If just starting the diet, how long before we can expect to see some improvement?

A.

Seasonal allergies usually begin to improve within the first year on a Nutritarian diet and can be significantly resolved by the second year of eating this way. I recommend the same supplements that I recommend for everyone (see Vitamin Advisor) to assure no insufficiencies are present and to maintain an adequate balance of DHA in tissues.

 
Q.

Last year, for the first time in my life, I got allergies and my eyes swelled up. I had to take over-the-counter drugs to have the swelling come down, but I’d rather not. What can I do this year to prevent them, and should I get them again, what can I do to get rid of them?

A.

During my clinical experience over the last 20 years, hundreds of individuals have reported that their seasonal allergies have improved or resolved with a Nutritarian diet. In addition to a Nutritarian diet, adequate vitamin D levels and higher omega-3 intake have been associated with reduced risk for seasonal allergies. See below:

https://www.drfuhrman.com/library/Allergies.aspx