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Lung Disease


Lung disease includes many conditions that affect breathing. More common lung diseases include chronic bronchitis and emphysema, which fall under the category of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Though there is a component of irreversible damage, typically from many years of smoking, in my medical practice over the last 25 years, I have seen numerous patients dramatically improve their COPD symptoms by adopting a Nutritarian diet.

 
  • Overview
  • Action Plan
  • Ask The Doctor

Overview


With chronic bronchitis, the airway becomes inflamed and overproduces mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe. With emphysema, there is destruction of the lung tissue, which affects oxygenation and the ability to breathe out effectively. COPD affects 5% of the population, and chronic lower respiratory diseases (including COPD) are the third leading cause of death in the U.S.1,2

Symptoms of COPD include

  • shortness of breath with or without exertion
  • chronic cough
  • sputum production
  • wheezing
  • fatigue
  • chest tightness

The major risk factor for COPD is cigarette smoking with severity of the disease related to the amount and length of time the patient has smoked. Environmental exposures to dust, gases, fumes, and organic material also increase the risk of COPD. A predisposition to allergies and a history of infection like tuberculosis also increase risk. Antioxidant deficiency leading to increased oxidative stress and free radical formation play a role in the development of COPD.3

Some lung diseases are restrictive, rather than obstructive, such as pulmonary fibrosis and sarcoidosis (an autoimmune disease). In these diseases, the lung is unable to fully expand, causing symptoms such as shortness of breath and coughing. Cigarette smoking and inhalation of dust and fumes are associated with an increased risk of these diseases.4

Bronchiectasis is an abnormal widening and other damage to airways, causing excess mucus to pool resulting in symptoms such as a chronic cough and shortness of breath. Causes of bronchiectasis include infections and cystic fibrosis.

Seasonal allergies and other infections, such as pneumonia, can also affect the airways and lung function.

 
References
  1. Minino AM, Murphy SL, Xu J, Kochanek KD. Deaths: final data for 2008. Natl Vital Stat Rep 2011, 59:1-126.
  2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults--United States, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2012, 61:938-943.
  3. MacNee W. Oxidants/antioxidants and COPD. Chest 2000, 117:303S-317S.
  4. Taskar V, Coultas D. Exposures and idiopathic lung disease. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2008, 29:670-679.

Action Plan


Diet

  • A Nutritarian diet provides an array of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that promote healing, have anti-inflammatory properties, and increase detoxification. It helps reduce oxidative stress that is associated with COPD.1
  • Patients with higher intake of carotenoids found in red, orange, and yellow vegetables and fruits as well as vitamin C were found to have lower rates of all-cause mortality among patients with COPD.2
  • Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation may aid in decreasing inflammation in COPD patients. Studies are currently being conducted to evaluate its therapeutic effect in patients.3
  • Ensure adequate Vitamin D supplementation by having your physician check serum levels. Vitamin D enhances the immune system by upregulating clearance of bacteria by immune cells and increasing T cell activation. Vitamin D supplementation has been found to decrease the frequency of viral upper respiratory infections, which is a trigger for COPD exacerbations.

Tobacco Cessation

  • Tobacco use is the main risk factor for the development of COPD. Therefore, tobacco cessation is key to prevent disease progression and to promote healing.

Environmental exposures

  • Decreased exposure to dust, fumes, and airborne organic material will aid in healing and prevent constant inflammation and lung tissue damage.

Find additional help

ONLINE: All members of DrFuhrman.com can search the Ask the Doctor archives for discussions on this topic. Platinum and Diamond members can connect with Dr. Fuhrman by posting questions in the forum. Not a member? Join now.

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References
  1. Keranis E, Makris D, Rodopoulou P, et al. Impact of dietary shift to higher-antioxidant foods in COPD: a randomised trial. Eur Respir J 2010, 36:774-780.
  2. Ford ES, Li C, Cunningham TJ, Croft JB. Associations between antioxidants and all-cause mortality among US adults with obstructive lung function. Br J Nutr 2014, 112:1662-1673.
  3. Wood LG. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2015, 18:128-132.

Ask The Doctor


The following are sample questions from the Ask the Doctor Community Platinum and higher members can post their health questions directly to Dr. Fuhrman. (All members can browse questions and answers.)

Q.

Have you ever treated Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or Emphysema using the Nutritarian approach? Can a Nutritarian diet do more for my COPD than just help me lose the excess weight that drags me down and causes a lot of shortness of breath and wheezing problems? Is there any way a Nutritarian diet can improve my lung health?

A.

I believe that nutritional excellence has a huge effect on slowing the decline in lung function and aiding in our body’s ability to repair tissue affected by COPD. Often times, not all of the lung tissue is permanently damaged meaning some of the lung has the opportunity to return to normal function. There is likely some hibernating or injured tissue that is not in the irreversible stage that can still come back to normal. However, the further this disease advances the more irreversibly damaged tissue is present, though I have seen some very advanced cases of COPD show improvement with a Nutritarian diet.