Acne



Acne is a common disease of the skin involving the pores, typically affecting the face, chest, and back. Acne can range from inflammatory to non-inflammatory, acute to chronic, and mild to severe. It may present as comedones, cysts, papules, or pustules. In severe chronic cases, it may lead to scarring of the skin.

 
  • Overview
  • Action Plan
  • Ask The Doctor
  • Related Info
  • Success Stories

Overview


Acne is most common in adolescents, but may occur in adults alike and is very common in general. Most individuals will develop at least mild acne during adolescence, but what many don’t realize is that up to approximately 50% of adults (mostly women) in their 20’s (and 35% in their 30’s) will suffer from acne, and it can occur even in those older than 40 years old.1 Factors that influence acne include:

  • Diet (high glycemic load, dairy)2
  • Smoking/tobacco use
  • Stress
  • Hormone concentrations
  • Genetics

Until more recently, the general medical community did not consider acne to be caused by dietary factors. Now, as suspected, we have proof of a connection, particularly with dairy and processed foods with a high glycemic load. Interestingly, the prevalence of adult acne has been increasing over the years, likely due to poor diet. A Nutritarian eating style can be the primary strategy to resolve acne and keep it from coming back.

 
References
  1. Collier CN, Harper JC, Cafardi JA, et al. The prevalence of acne in adults 20 years and older. J Am Acad Dermatol 2008, 58:56-59.
  2. Ismail NH, Manaf ZA, Azizan NZ. High glycemic load diet, milk and ice cream consumption are related to acne vulgaris in Malaysian young adults: a case control study. BMC Dermatol 2012, 12:13.

Action Plan


Diet

Follow a Nutritarian eating style for the maximum intake of nutrients that help maintain clear, healthy, radiant skin (carotenoids, omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, etc.).

Avoid dairy (milk, yogurt, cheese, whey protein, casein protein, etc.), which has been associated with a higher risk of acne, which may be due to factors that include dairy’s influence on insulin and insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1), which is known to aggravate acne.

Strive for a lower glycemic load at your meals. Foods with a high glycemic load to reduce/eliminate include:

  • sugar
  • refined grains
  • white potato
  • sweetened drinks (even fruit juices)

Plant foods that have a relatively low glycemic load include:

  • vegetables (green vegetables, peppers, tomato, eggplant, squashes, etc.)
  • beans
  • nuts and seeds
  • berries

Reduce stress

Take advantage of ways to reduce mental, emotional, and physical stress by getting enough quality sleep, exercising, and including healthy social interaction, to name a few.

 

Ask The Doctor


The following are sample questions from the Ask the Doctor Community Platinum and higher members can post their health questions directly to Dr. Fuhrman. (All members can browse questions and answers.)

Q.

I have adult acne, which has progressively gotten worse. Can you please suggest a healthier alternative to antibiotics?

A.

Acne almost always clears with vigilance to a Nutritarian diet, which is rich in phytonutrients and fiber. Using the supplements I recommend, including omega-3 fats and some extra zinc, can also be helpful. Richly colored fruits and vegetables, which are high in micronutrients, including carotenoids, reduce acne formation. This means eliminating all sugar, processed foods, oils, trans-fats, and dairy. Also, for the next few weeks, it maybe be helpful to restrict grains. These all provide a favorable environment for acne to flourish. Eat 1-2 oz. of nuts and seeds daily. Make sure you are getting adequate zinc, as zinc deficiency is associated with acne. Women’s Daily Formula provides 15mg of zinc/day. Adding DHA, vitamin D, and a high quality probiotic will also be beneficial. I think you should see marked improvement in 4 to 8 weeks.